Top Stories

Ira Mayo

Female Clients Continue To Cause Trouble for Attorney

Isaac Avilucea | September 2, 2014

Earlier this summer, Torrington attorney Ira Mayo made headlines when he was hit with an unusual punishment: he could never again represent female clients.

Case Against Lawyer Banned From Representing Women Hinges on Two Words

By Isaac Avilucea |

Suspended attorney Ira Mayo's disciplinary case possibly won't be decided until next year after a judge listened to a full day of testimony, then ordered attorneys from both sides to file post-hearing briefs.

Inmates Challenge State's Prison Porn Ban

By Isaac Avilucea |

A Connecticut inmate thinks he should have access to books depicting nudity. State prison officials refuse to allow the books because they violate an administrative directive banning pornography.

Most Probate Judges Face No Opposition on Ballot

By Christian Nolan |

Though the Connecticut governor's race has attracted far more attention, 54 district probate judge positions are up for election early next month.

Attorneys Say Alimony Policies Cause IRS Nightmare

By Thomas B. Scheffey |

In about half of the high-end divorce cases in Connecticut, lawyers and their clients have enjoyed the benefits of a tax rule that does not require couples to separate child support and alimony.

Three Supreme Court Justices Return to Yale this Weekend

By Jay Stapleton |

U.S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas has been known for being reclusive, and for a time he shunned events at his alma mater in New Haven, Yale Law School.

Editorial: Courts Should Improve Management of Divorce Trials

When it comes to trial management, there are aspects of divorce trials that deserve special attention and consideration.

Bank Settles Data Breach Case with Conn., Other States

By Christian Nolan |

TD Bank has agreed to pay an $850,000 settlement with nine states, including Connecticut, to resolve an investigation into a 2012 data breach that affected thousands of consumers.

Major Firm Adds Four Attorneys To Conn. Offices

By Jay Stapleton |

One Hartford-based law firm continues to expand its lawyer head count with the addition of five new associates, including four of them in Connecticut offices.

Conn. Bar Foundation Executive Director Announces Retirement

By Jay Stapleton |

Sandy Klebanoff has announced that she will retire next spring after nearly 20 years as the executive director of the Connecticut Bar Foundation.

'Creative' Defense Alleges Medical Marijuana Law Has Muddied State Drug Policy

By Jay Stapleton |

It was only a matter of time before the state's law regarding medical marijuana crossed paths with state labor law.

DCF Settles Lawsuits with Employee Placed on Abuse Registry

By Associated Press |

Five employees who had their names added to a child abuse registry as a form of discipline by Connecticut's child welfare agency will be taken off the list, union officials told The Associated Press.


Norm Pattis: FBI Agent's Suit Notable for Anger and Pettiness

By Norm Pattis |

I'm not a fan of the Justice Department, so I ought to be rooting for Kurt Siuzdak, a 17-year veteran of the Federal Bureau of Investigation who has filed suit against Attorney General Eric Holder.

Trucking Company Loses $7.3 Million Wrongful Death Suit

By Christian Nolan |

A Hartford jury has awarded nearly $7.3 million to the estate of a state Department of Transportation supervisor who was killed while working on Route 8 near Waterbury in 2012.

Beleaguered Police Department Now Faces Wrongful Death Claim

By Isaac Avilucea |

The town of Enfield faces yet another lawsuit—this one a wrongful death claim—linked to allegations of excessive force by a town police officer.

Amended Lawsuit Accuses State of Treating Transgender Teen Like Boy

By Associated Press |

A 16-year-old transgender girl being held at a boys' detention center alleged that staff members are repeatedly referring to her by her male birth name and male pronouns, forcing her to wear boys' uniforms and banning her from wearing her wig and makeup.

FBI Agent Sues Over Alleged Mistreatment at Conn. Office

By The Associated Press |

FBI bosses retaliated against an agent for complaining about personnel decisions, managed by fear and were so dysfunctional that the bureau's director apologized to the Connecticut staff for problems with local leadership, according to a lawsuit filed by an agent.

Inmate's Lawsuit Challenges State Ban on Porn in Prisons

By Law Tribune Staff and Wire Reports |

A convicted murder who fancies himself a Renaissance artist is suing prison officials in Connecticut for not allowing him access to sexually explicit books.


Mark Dubois: Despite Best Efforts, Lawyers Can't Fill 'Justice Gap'

By Mark Dubois |

Anyone who has attended a session of the small claims, housing or family court lately is fully aware that great numbers of our citizens come to court every day without lawyers.

Conn. Court Upholds Warrantless Search of Bedroom

By Christian Nolan |

Said Kendrick was convicted of criminal possession of a revolver in 2009. The gun was used in a New Jersey homicide by an accomplice.

Republicans Sue Over Malloy Campaign Contributions

By Jay Stapleton |

One of the most controversial legal issues to emerge in the contested race for governor this election season has been whether contributions made to national party accounts can be used to fund state election campaigns.

Daniel Esty

Business Concerns Drive Energy-Related Lawsuits

By Jay Stapleton |

As the nation as a whole and individual states take aggressive steps to promote cleaner energy sources, the vigorous public policy debate appears to be spilling into courtrooms.

Indian Mountain School

Lawsuits Allege Sex Abuse, Cover-Up at Private School

By Isaac Avilucea |

Christopher Simonds was a chain-smoking, charismatic English teacher at Indian Mountain School. He was also a "god," according to one of the former teacher's accusers.

Biden's Son's Alleged Drug Use Leads to Questions About Conn. Bar License

By Associated Press |

Hunter Biden, the youngest son of Vice President Joe Biden, faces no automatic review of his law license in Connecticut following his discharge from the U.S. Navy Reserve after testing positive for cocaine use, Connecticut legal authorities said.

Jury Awards $7.3 Million for Death of DOT Supervisor

By Christian Nolan |

A Hartford jury has awarded nearly $7.3 million to the estate of a state Department of Transportation supervisor who was killed while working on Route 8 near Waterbury in 2012.

Court To Decide Whether Children Can Make Loss of Consortium Claims

By Christian Nolan |

The family of a man who was killed after being struck by a hotel shuttle van is arguing that the Connecticut Supreme Court should overturn a 16-year-old precedent and allow loss of consortium damages for children as well as for spouses in wrongful death cases.

Opinion: Involuntary Commitment Proposal Has Drawbacks

By Jan VanTassel |

Involuntary outpatient commitment is a complex and controversial issue that has been considered and rejected by the Connecticut General Assembly on at least three occasions since 1996.

Brian Moran

Lawyer's Book Says Conn. Should Slash Prison Population

By Amaris Elliott-Engel |

It's not every day that red-state Texas is pointed out as a paragon for reform that blue-state Connecticut should emulate.


Mark Dubois: Market Forces Reshape Legal Advertising

By Mark Dubois |

Some time ago I was cleaning out a desk and found a copy of the old (and now illegal) minimum fee schedule.

State Seeks To Rein In Incarcerated and Suspended Attorneys

By Jay Stapleton |

It may come as a surprise, but a handful of Connecticut attorneys who have been suspended from the practice of law and even incarcerated for financial crimes have continued to advise clients from behind the scenes.


Norm Pattis: Defense Bar Seething Over Attorney's Suspension

By Norm Pattis |

Criminal defense lawyers are lone wolves. We represent individual clients, one at a time, in sometime ferocious struggles over their lives and liberty. That requires the ability to go it alone, both in the courtroom, and, more generally, in life.

Lawsuit Accuses Popeye's Chicken of Cheating Workers Out of Overtime Pay

By Jay Stapleton |

A lawsuit filed against Pure Foods Management, which operates 37 Popeye's restaurants throughout the Northeast, claims workers were systematically deprived of overtime.

Conn. Boarding School Faces Second Sex Abuse Lawsuit

By Isaac Avilucea |

A Connecticut boarding school has been hit with its second lawsuit in a little more than a week accusing a former faculty member of sexually assaulting students in the 1980s.

Ticket Seller, Theater Settle Defamation Case

An online ticket sales company has dropped a defamation lawsuit against a Hartford theater and its president just before the case went to trial, with the two sides agreeing to work together to benefit ticket buyers.

In-House Legal Departments of the Year Awards

Retired vice president and counsel Dennis Mayer devoted most of his legal career to making sure that Otis Elevator has had more ups than downs. You can read about his accomplishments – and those of in-house lawyers at Connecticut companies such as United Technologies, Hubbell Corp. and Pitney Bowes – in articles highlighting winners of the Law Tribune’s Legal Departments of the Year awards.

Dan Krisch

Dan Krisch: Supreme Court Shows Reluctance in Exercising Power

By Dan Krisch |

The U.S. Supreme Court recently heard argument in two appeals, Heinen v. North Carolina and Holt v. Hobbs, in which the court wrestled with the limits of its own authority.

Major Firm Launches Philanthropy Practice Group

By Jay Stapleton |

A veteran lawyer in the area of estate planning and complex tax issues will head up a new philanthropy practice group at Wiggin and Dana.

Conn. Construction Company Appeals $16 Million Verdict

By Christian Nolan |

A Connecticut construction company on the hook for a nearly $16 million verdict in Pennsylvania is planning to appeal, according to a company spokeswoman.

Jazzed Up About Giving Back

By Christian Nolan |

For its wide-ranging volunteer efforts, United Healthcare has been named winner of the Connecticut Law Tribune Legal Departments of the Year Pro Bono Award.

Cultivating an Ivy League Culture

By Isaac Avilucea |

Yale brass turned to university general counsel Dorothy Robinson to successfully quarterback its response to the massive probe. Years later, as Robinson nears retirement from a post she's held for 29 years, she reflected on the investigation and Yale's coordinated response. "It was a serious situation that called for a very serious and capable response," said Robinson, whose legal acumen on behalf of Yale over the past three decades has earned her a Connecticut Law Tribune Lifetime Achievement Award.

A Career With More Ups Than Downs

By Jay Stapleton |

Riding an elevator was never something that Dennis Mayer took for granted. Without them, vertical ascent in many tall buildings would be either impossible or painstakingly slow. The development of the world's largest cities depended on the invention of the elevator.

Growing Business From Within

By Christian Nolan |

When Hubbell Inc. brought in An-Ping Hsieh as vice president and general counsel of the company two years ago, it did so with the expectation of making significant changes. Now just two years later, Hubbell's legal department has nearly doubled in staff size and has started branching out from its Shelton headquarters by placing two attorneys in South Carolina. When Hsieh took the job, Hubbell had five lawyers. Now it has nine and has trimmed a lot of the work that used to go to outside counsel at the various law firms Hubbell work with. Because of its success managing this growth, Hubbell's legal department is being recognized with a Legal Department of the Year Award for 2014 in the category of management of in-house counsel by the Connecticut Law Tribune.

Making Diversity Part of Corporate DNA

By Amaris Elliott-Engel |

For being ahead of the curve, and staying there, the Connecticut Law Tribune is honoring Pitney Bowes with a Legal Departments of the Year Award for diversity. Pitney Bowes employs 26 lawyers, with 19 of those located in Connecticut.

The Value of Active Engagement

By Jay Stapleton |

For developing a successful approach that's served as a model for other companies, UTC's legal department is being recognized by the Connecticut Law Tribune as a Legal Department of the Year for 2014 in the category of outside firm management.

An Educational Resource for Teachers

By Amaris Elliott-Engel |

The ambitious outreach effort has earned the legal services department for the 43,000-member association a Legal Department of the Year Award from the Connecticut Law Tribune.

TicketNetwork Defamation Lawsuit Headed to Trial

By Associated Press |

An online ticket sales company that settled deceptive business practice allegations by government regulators for $750,000 in July is headed to trial in its defamation lawsuit against a Hartford theater and its president.

Accident Leaves Plaintiff With 10 Cracked Ribs and $252,000

By Christian Nolan |

A man who suffered 10 cracked ribs and a concussion, and also aggravated preexisting neck and back injuries, was recently awarded nearly $252,500 by a judge trial referee.

Lawyer Suspended 20 Days, Accuses Judge of 'Double Standard'

By Isaac Avilucea |

New Haven criminal defense attorney John Williams faces a 20-day suspension for "willfully" violating a judge's order during a criminal trial that ended in his client's conviction.

Conn. Killer's Kosher Request Illustrates National Debate

By Isaac Avilucea |

Here in Connecticut, convicted Cheshire home invasion murderer Steven Hayes recently made headlines when he sued the state for access to kosher food because, he claims, he is now an Orthodox Jew.

Gun Dispute Has State Agencies Squaring Off in Court

By Christian Nolan |

Two state agencies are battling in court over whether a Derby man should be allowed to get his gun permit back.

Michael Goldfarb

Election Law Practices Heat Up As Campaigns Hit Home Stretch

By Jay Stapleton |

With a super-tight race for governor, dozens of legislative and local contests on the ballot and less than a month to go before Election Day, lawyers who advise candidates and political causes say their practices are heating up.

Proposed Rule Change Would Prevent Jailed Lawyers From Practicing

By Jay Stapleton |

Some Connecticut attorneys who have been suspended from the practice of law have continued to practice from behind the scenes - and even from behind bars.

Five Promoted at Conn. U.S. Attorney’s Office

By Isaac Avilucea |

U.S. Attorney Deirdre M. Daly announced restructuring of the state's U.S. Attorney's office Friday. The promotions of Michael Gustafson and William Nardini are two of several new appointments.

Oil Dealers Sue Over State's Natural Gas Initiative

By Associated Press |

Connecticut oil dealers are suing over Gov. Dannel P. Malloy's drive to expand the use of natural gas, demanding environmental reviews.

Frank Bartlett Jr

Injured Woman Gets $115,000 After Bridgeport Crash

By Christian Nolan |

A woman who injured her neck, back and leg in a car accident in Bridgeport was recently awarded $115,000 by a Bridgeport jury.

Thomas McNamara

Latest Sex Abuse Suits Target Jehovah's Witnesses

By Isaac Avilucea |

A string of lawsuits against Jehovah's Witnesses shows sex abuse problems may be nondenominational.

Lawsuit Revives Sex Scandal at Private School

By Associated Press |

A federal lawsuit has reopened a decades-old sex abuse scandal at the exclusive Indian Mountain School in Connecticut.

Conn. Collects $388,000 in Settlement with Drug Company

By Christian Nolan |

A Pennsylvania-based pharmaceutical company accused of improperly marketing drugs, including the popular attention deficit hyperactivity disorder medication Adderall, has agreed to pay the federal government and states nationwide a total of $56.5 million.

Four Lawyers Nominated for Superior Court Judgeships

By Law Tribune Staff |

A former judge who had to step down for personal reasons, a prosecutor, an assistant public defender and a Pullman & Comley partner have been nominated for Superior Court judgeships by Gov. Dannel Malloy.

Conn. Bar Group Hears From Judge on Supreme Court Short List

By Isaac Avilucea |

Sri Srinivasan, who many believe could rise to the level of Supreme Court justice, gave the keynote speech at the Connecticut Asian Pacific American Bar Association.

Michael Mulpeter, Joel Hartstone, Richard Shea

Firm Spins Off New Entity To Help Entrepreneurs

By Jay Stapleton |

Cohn Birnbaum & Shea has only 13 attorneys. But it's doing something no other law firm in Connecticut has attempted.

State Spells Out New Rules for Guardian Ad Litem Conduct

By Jay Stapleton |

When the legislature approved a bill that created new standards for guardians ad litem and counsels for minor children earlier this year, the intent was to ease disputes in the family court system.

Appellate Court Orders New Resolution To Dog Abuse Case

By Isaac Avilucea |

A high-profile animal abuse case has taken another odd twist.


Gideon: Child Abuse Reporting Rules at Odds with Client Confidentiality

By Gideon |

There is an untenable conflict between the law on mandated reporting of suspected child abuse and the constitutional right to zealous, conflict-free representation of children and adults accused of crimes.


Norm Pattis: Hospital Visit Offers Scare, But No Dying Declarations

By Norm Pattis |

The other night, I awoke feeling out of sorts. After tossing and turning for a few minutes, I got up to get a glass of water. Feeling worse, I debated waking my wife. Then I checked online for the warning signs of a heart attack.

Probate Court Supervisory Attorney Fired for Financial Improprieties

By Isaac Avilucea |

A supervisory attorney in the state's Office of the Probate Court Administrator is out of a job after a three-judge panel agreed with a recommendation to fire her for alleged financial improprieties.

Marc Kurzman

Court Ruling Latest Chapter in Hotel Firms' Decadelong Dispute

By Christian Nolan |

A hotel ownership group was not damaged when a competitor prevented it from opening a high-end Hilton Hotel in Stamford, according to the state Appellate Court.


Mark Dubois: Soon, Lawyers Will Be Displaced by Computers

By Mark Dubois |

Fairfield attorney Fred Ury, the Eveready Rabbit of the law who many wish would just go away, is at it again, circulating an intriguing paper from the Ontario Law Society about alternative business structures for law firms.

Corporate Law Veterans Join Forces to Form New Firm

By Jay Stapleton |

Two business lawyers who have worked together at two large law firms over the years decided to combine their expertise and experience by starting their own corporate law practice.

Conn. Releases List of Candidates Passing July Bar Exam

The following list contains the names of everyone who passed the July 2014 Connecticut bar examination.

John Bonee III

Contractor Loses German Lover, Wins Rare Court Proceeding

By Christian Nolan |

A mysterious and wealthy German woman named Petra Baumgartner came to Connecticut to cash in on the real estate market about a decade ago. She purchased properties in Bridgeport, Fairfield and Columbia in Connecticut, as well as some land in Virginia.

Uconn Law School

UConn, Yale Law Schools Make Top 50 List of Distinctive Buildings

By Law Tribune Staff |

Gothic-styled structures at the University of Connecticut School of Law and Yale University Law School were named among the 50 most noteworthy law school buildings in the world by Best Choice Schools website.

Lawyer Forgets He’s Unlicensed, Causes Divorce Case Mistrial

By Isaac Avilucea |

An attorney with a spotless ethical track record could be in trouble with state disciplinary officials for representing his daughter in a divorce case.

Jay Nolan

Developer Hit With $10.6 Million Verdict for Hiding Assets

By Christian Nolan |

A federal judge in Connecticut has awarded $10.6 million to Wells Fargo after the financial institution proved that a prominent developer shifted corporate assets to shell companies in an attempt to dodge a nearly $23 million verdict.

Stephen King

Did Stephen King Infringe on Conn. Writer's Copyright? Afraid Not

By Jay Stapleton |

For horror novelist Stephen King, lawsuits filed by amateur authors can be real nightmares.

Editorial: Should U.S. Adopt the Right to Be Forgotten? Electronic Data Collection Raises Privacy Issues

The U.S. has long resisted a comprehensive policy on data privacy or on individual privacy in general.

Editorial: Mug Shot Industry Is Bad Business

For individuals who have been arrested, the Internet can be a devastating place. Regardless of how their cases were resolved, an online arrest record can permanently haunt a person.

College Launches New Youth Justice Institute to Focus on State Policy


The University of New Haven has announced the launch of a think tank of sorts that will study issues such as juvenile recidivism rates, sentencing laws and alternatives to incarceration.

Patrick J. Kennedy

Motorcyclist Hit By UPS Truck Wins $3.4 Million Verdict

By Jay Stapleton |

A Hartford Superior Court jury has returned a $3.4 million verdict in the case of a motorcyclist who was severely injured in a collision with a UPS truck in 2012.


Gideon: Defense Lawyers Not Focused Enough on Appellate Process

By Gideon |

A few weeks ago, I attended an oral argument before a panel of the Appellate Court, which was hearing a direct appeal from a criminal conviction after trial.

In Love Triangle Murder, Court OKs Husband's Testimony Against Wife

By Christian Nolan |

In the aftermath of a love triangle gone wrong, Sheila Davalloo was convicted of killing a co-worker. Critical to her conviction was the testimony of her now ex-husband, whom she also tried to kill.

Norm Pattis: Temptation Leads Convicted Colleague Into the Abyss

By Norm Pattis |

"Do you think anyone should go to jail?" The speaker, a youngish FBI agent, looked at me with the same devilish grin I had seen on his face any number of times.

Hartford Firm Launches Business Accelerator Spin-Off

By Jay Stapleton |

With hopes of attracting legal work and a stake in start-up companies, a Hartford law firm has created its own business accelerator.

Court Rebuffs Attorney in Long-Running Fee Dispute

By Isaac Avilucea |

New Britain attorney Jacek Smigelski says he's entitled to more than $65,000 in fees for handling a client's probate case. Disciplinary officials have ruled that fee excessive.

New Leaders of the Law: Law Tribune Names its 2014 Winners

As we read the scores of applications for our annual New Leaders of the Law honors, we noticed the wide variety of legal practices represented.

Robert Dwyer

New Leaders of the Law: Attorneys Had Their Reasons for Taking Diverse Career Paths

By Jay Stapleton |

Two lawyers started at about the same place; they grew up in Connecticut and graduated from Yale in the first decade of the 21st century with political science degrees. From there, the paths of Robert Dwyer Jr. and Jeffrey Mueller diverged—and quite radically.

Chabad-Lubavitch Community Center

Second Circuit Restores Litchfield Synagogue's Lawsuit

By Jay Stapleton |

A lawsuit filed by a Litchfield Jewish organization has been reinstated, giving the group new hopes it will ultimately win approval to build a 20,000-square-foot synagogue and community center near the historic green.

Judge Scolds Insurer for Arson Allegations, Upholds Homeowner's $1.5 Million Verdict

By Christian Nolan |

A Superior Court judge has added $76,000 to a recent $1.5 million jury verdict in the case of a man who sued his insurance company for failing to cover his losses after his home caught fire.

Firefighter Alleges Discrimination During Pregnancy

By Associated Press |

A Bridgeport firefighter says in a federal civil rights lawsuit that she was unfairly disciplined by a city fire department and forced to take unpaid leave because she was pregnant.

EEOC Files Sex Harassment Suit Against Conn. Company

By Isaac Avilucea |

Three women who worked at a Connecticut clothing warehouse claim that they endured sexual overtures from a male superior and colleagues that made their workplace environment seem more like an out-of-control fraternity house, according to a federal lawsuit filed on behalf of clients of the New Haven Legal Assistance Association.

Thomas Mooney

Schools Hit with Rising Number of Bullying Lawsuits

By Isaac Avilucea |

Despite slim odds for success, a growing number of parents are pushing forward with lawsuits against school districts for damages stemming from their children's emotional or physical injuries in bullying cases.

Allison Near

Appellate Case Considers Use of Tattoos As Evidence

By Christian Nolan |

When Michael Place was on trial for a 2008 robbery, he wanted to make a point of showing jurors his tattoos.

Attorney General Speculation Includes Two Lawyers with Conn. Ties

By Law Tribune Staff |

Two lawyers with Connecticut ties are being mentioned by Washington, D.C., insiders as possible replacements for outgoing U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder.

Engineer's Lawsuit Latest Development in Metro-North Crash Litigation

By Christian Nolan |

An engineer who was injured in the May 2013 derailment of a commuter train in Bridgeport is the latest person to have filed a lawsuit against Metro-North Railroad.

Amy Lin Meyerson

Weston Solo Named Chair of Key ABA Committee

By Amaris Elliott-Engel |

Amy Lin Meyerson, a solo who focuses on business and general corporate law, says that many companies have been moving to hire smaller law firms with lower overhead—and fees—in the wake of the 2008 recession.


Norm Pattis: Rowland Verdict Does Nothing To Halt Electoral Fraud

By Norm Pattis |

Somehow, the prospect of John Rowland's returning to a federal prison does not make me all warm, fuzzy and grateful to be living in this, the best of all possible worlds.

Prosecutor Agrees to New Evidence Hearing In Cheshire Murder Case

By Associated Press |

A Connecticut prosecutor has determined that newly discovered phone recordings related to a 2007 home invasion that killed a mother and her two daughters warrant a court hearing in the appeal of one of two men sentenced to death for the murders.

Ralph Crozier

Money-Laundering Verdict Puts Lawyers on Notice About Clients' Finances

By Isaac Avilucea and Jay Stapleton |

In 2011, a dirty attorney agreed to take dirty money from a Waterbury area drug dealer and make it "legitimate" by investing it in a solar panel company.

Exclusive Interview: New Haven Attorney Speaks Out About Theater Gun Arrest, Lawsuit


Sung-Ho Hwang, who is the immediate past president of the New Haven County Bar Association, said bringing a lawsuit against the city of New Haven and its police chief was "a really hard decision to make."

Ex-Lawyer Charged with Cheating Store Owner, Former Colleague

By Christian Nolan |

A former Shelton attorney has been arrested on charges that he stole more than $175,000 from clients and other attorneys.

Ralph Crozier

Seymour Attorney Found Guilty of Money Laundering

By Isaac Avilucea |

Seymour attorney Ralph Crozier is facing a maximum of 40 years in prison and up to a $2 million fine after a jury found him guilty of conspiracy to launder monetary instruments and attempt to launder monetary instruments for helping a former client "clean" $30,000 in drug proceeds in 2011.